How to Knit Star Toes for Socks

Learn how the formula for knitting star toes for any size socks using any yarn.

I have been a knitter for well over 20 years and a sock knitting addict for more than 10, but like many knitters before me, I was very much stuck in the rut of always knitting banded, paired-decrease toes on my socks. It is by far the most common type of toe shaping. And then I discovered the star toe.

Star toes on hand knit socks have a much more rounded, natural shape, and do not have to be joined with the Kitchener Stitch. Also, since the decreased stitches that shape the toe are distributed evenly around the sock so there is no obvious band on the sides of the toe. I personally think socks with star toes are more comfortable and have a sturdier toe.

To make a star toe, you will need to divide your toe sts evenly around 4 double pointed needles. For example if your sock is 64 sts around you would have 16 sts on each needle. To simplify things, we'll notate that as 64/16, or the total number of stitches/number of sts per needle.

And now the secret formula.

Start by finding your ratio of total number of stitches/number of sts per needle in the left column of the chart. Follow the directions then see what row of the chart to look at next.

Total Sts/
sts per needle
What to do Now go to
88/22 [K2tog, k9] 8 times.
Work 9 rnds with no decreases.
80/20
84/21 [K2tog, k19] 4 times.
Work 9 rnds with no decreases
80/20
80/20 [K2tog, k8] 8 times.
Work 8 rnds with no decreases.
72/18
76/19 [K2tog, k17] 4 times.
Work 8 rnds with no decreases
72/18
72/18 [K2tog, k7] 8 times.
Work 7 rnds with no decreases.
64/16
68/17 [K2tog, k15] 4 times.
Work 7 rnds with no decreases
64/16
64/16 [K2tog, k6] 8 times.
Work 6 rnds with no decreases.
56/14
60/15 [K2tog, k13] 4 times.
Work 6 rnds with no decreases
56/14
56/14 [K2tog, k5] 8 times.
Work 5 rnds with no decreases.
48/12
52/13 [K2tog, k11] 4 times.
Work 5 rnds with no decreases
48/12
48/12 [K2tog, k4] 8 times.
Work 4 rnds with no decreases.
40/10
44/11 [K2tog, k9] 4 times.
Work 4 rnds with no decreases
40/10
40/10 [K2tog, k3] 8 times.
Work 3 rnds with no decreases.
32/8
36/9 [K2tog, k7] 4 times.
Work 3 rnds with no decreases
32/8
32/8 [K2tog, k2] 8 times.
Work 2 rnds with no decreases.
[K2tog, k1] 8 times.
Work 1 rnd with no decreases.
[k2tog] 8 times.
Break the yarn and pull through the remaining 8 sts with a yarn needle.

If you are feeling really adventurous, you can substitute a different type of decrease, perhaps skpo, for every k2tog in the pattern. The shape of the toe will remain the same, but the star pattern becomes more noticeable.

Happy sock knitting!




Knitting Pattern: November 2016 Yarnbox Infinity Scarf

Free November 2016 Yarnbox knit infinity scarf pattern featuring Jade Sapphire Exotic Fibres Re<>Luxe Lite recycled cashmere.

My best friend knows me better than just about anyone. Last year for my birthday she supported my fiber addiction and got me the November 2016 Yarnbox Classic.

I was absolutely delighted when my Yarnbox arrived and inside were two luxurious skeins of Jade Sapphire Exotic Fibres Re<>Luxe Lite recycled cashmere. It was love at first sight!

Of course I could have followed one of the patterns that were included in my yarnbox, both were lovely by the way, but I had a vision for an elegant and cozy infinity scarf. It's 7 1/2 inches wide by 55 inches long and is a treat to wear on chilly days.

Gauge


18 sts or 24 rows = 4 inches

Materials


Abbreviations


BO - bind off
CO - cast on
k - knit
k2tog - knit two stitches together
p - purl
RS - right side
skpo - slip one stitch knitwise, knit one, pass slipped stitch over
WS - wrong side
yo - yarn forward and over

Directions


CO 34.

Set-up row (WS): P34.

Row 1 (RS): K2, [k6, skpo, yo, k2tog, yo] 3 times, k2.

Row 2 and all WS rows: P 34.

Row 3: K1, [k6, skpo, yo, k2tog, yo] 3times, k3.

Row 5: [K6, skpo, yo, k2tog, yo] k6] 3 times, k4.

Row 7: K5, [skpo, yo, k2tog, yo, k6] 2 times, skpo, yo, k2tog, yo, k5.

Row 9: K4, [skpo, yo, k2tog, yo, k6] 3 times.

Row 11: K3, [skpo, yo, k2tog, yo, k6] 3 times, k1.

Row 13: K2, [skpo, yo, k2tog, yo, k6] 3 times, k2.

Row 15: K1, [skpo, yo, k2tog, yo, k6] 3 times, k3.

Row 17: K2, k2tog, yo, [k6, skpo, yo, k2tog, yo] 2 times, k6, skpo, yo, k2.

Row 19: K1, K2tog, yo, [k6, skpo, yo, k2tog, yo] 2 times, k6, skpo, yo, k3.

Row 20: P 34.

Repeat Row 1-20 until piece measures 55 inches.

BO and join cast on to bound off edges to form an infinity scarf.

Free November 2016 Yarnbox knit infinity scarf pattern featuring Jade Sapphire Exotic Fibres Re<>Luxe Lite recycled cashmere.

A printable version of my Cashmere Stripes Infinity Scarf is available in my pattern shop. Happy Knitting!




Clover Oval Loom Sock Pattern

How to knit socks with a Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom

This is the last project in my four part series featuring the Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom that will keep you warm from head to toe. So far I've shown you how to make an earwarmer headband, a striped cowl and fingerless gloves. You're all cozy and covered except for your feet.

As a long time knitter (with pointy sticks), I have to say that these socks are faster to make than any other socks I have ever knit. I was easily able to make one sock in just an evening. The socks may be a little too chunky to wear in shoes, but they are absolutely perfect for wearing around the house as slippers. Or, if you feel cold all the time, like me, you could wear these socks inside your slippers.

Many thanks to Clover for providing me with a Standing Oval Knitting Loom. Also, if you would like an opportunity to win all the materials needed to complete all four patterns, don't miss this month's giveaway, going on through January 23, 2017, sponsored by Clover.

Materials


These materials are enough to complete all four patterns.

Directions


Again, familiarize yourself with the basic instructions included with the loom.

Begin by casting on with the Bubble Gum yarn following the directions included with the loom.

Row 1: Knit the first row by using the hook to lift the bottom wrap up and over the top wrap, then over the peg so only one wrap remains on each peg.

Row 2-9: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Row 10: With the White yarn, skip the first peg, knit on the next three pegs, skip 1 peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs. Repeat this pattern around the rest of the loom - skip one peg, knit on 3 pegs.

Row 11: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Repeat Row 10 - 11 six more times.

Now for the heel. The heel section is worked entirely with a single strand of the Bubble Gum Yarn on the first 12 pegs only. Follow the directions included with the loom to make the heel.

After the heel is complete, work the foot rows in full rounds as before.

Row 12: With White yarn, [skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on next three pegs] repeat bracketed section around.

Row 13: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Repeat Row 12 - 13 four more times.

Now it's time for a quick and easy calculation to make sure your sock fits nicely.

First, measure the length of your foot. Mine is 9 1/2 inches long.

Next, use measure the length of the pink heel section. For my sock it is 2 1/2 inches.
Then you need to measure the Gauge, or how many rows are in one inch. If you have already made the earwarmer, and are making your sock with the same yarn, you can use your previous gauge calculation. My gauge was 6 1/2 rows per inch.

Otherwise, you will need to measure the ankle of your sock and figure out how many rows are in one inch.
Now for the math.

     Number of  Foot Rows = (Gauge x [Foot Length - Heel Length]) + 2

     Example: Number of Foot Rows = ( 6 1/2 x [ 9 1/2 - 2 1/2]) + 2 = 45 1/2 + 2 = 47 1/2

Of course you can't make 1/2 of a round, so round your answer to the nearest even number. In my example that's 48.

(Note: For those of you who are wondering why my equation adds two extra rows and the equation in the loom directions doesn't, it has to do with how the heel is measure in my pattern. When you measure all of the pink heel rows, one of those rows is technically part of the ankle and not the heel, so you need to knit 1 extra row on the heel side of the foot and one on the toe side to make everything work out.)

Back to the loom.

Continue repeating Row 12 - 13 until your sock has the right number of foot rows. Trim the white yarn to about 12 inches.

Work the toe section, with one strand of Bubble Gum yarn, exactly the same way as the heel.

I chose to finish my sock differently than the loom instructions because I have a difficult time staying untangled when I do the Kitchener stitch. Instead, I grafted the same way as for the headband and cowl patterns.

Cut the Bubble Gum yarn about 120 inches or 10 feet long and use the strand to do a "Sewn Bind Off" as shown in the loom instructions.

Don't freak out when the sock comes off the loom because the toe looks crazy.
Follow the loom instructions for "Tightening and Finishing Edges" on both the cast on and bound off edges of the sock.
The toe is looking better already.
To graft the toe, you will need to look at the "V" shaped stitched that point toward the seam.

Using the same strand of yarn that was used for the bind off, slip the needle under both strands of the first "V" stitch that points up towards the opening on the toe side and gently pull the yarn through.
Next, slip the needle under the first pink"V" stitch that points towards the opening on the foot side and pull the yarn through.
Slide the needle under the next "V" stitch on the toe side
and then the next stitch on the foot side.
Continue grafting across the toe until it is completely joined. Trim the yarn to about 12 inches and pull the yarn through to the inside of the sock.

Weave in and conceal all of the yarn tails on the inside of the sock.
After you are done with the first sock, make a second exactly the same way.

Loom Knit Socks Pattern: The fourth of four Clover Oval Standing Knitting Loom projects that will keep you cozy from head to toe.

I hope you have enjoyed all four of my Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom Patterns - the earwarmer headband, a cowl, fingerless gloves and socks. Again many thanks to Clover Needlecraft for sponsoring these posts.

Loom Knit Socks Pattern: The fourth of four Clover Oval Standing Knitting Loom projects that will keep you cozy from head to toe.

Happy loom knitting!




Clover Oval Loom Fingerless Gloves Pattern

How to knit fingerless gloves with a Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom

Last week I showed you how to make a striped earwarmer and matching striped cowl using the Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom. This week I'll finish out the set of patterns with fingerless gloves and, of course, socks.

All four projects are cute and fun, but I must say that I have gotten the most use out of my fingerless gloves. I have worn them almost every day since I made them and yes, they are on my hands right now as I type this post. What can I say? My hands are always cold.

Many thanks to Clover for providing me with a Standing Oval Knitting Loom. Also, if you would like an opportunity to win all the materials needed to complete all four patterns, don't miss this month's giveaway, going on through January 23, 2017, sponsored by Clover.

Materials


These materials are enough to complete all four patterns.

Directions


The loom includes detailed instructions for how to cast on and make knit and purl stitches. Before you begin, take a moment to familiarize yourself with casting on and making knit stitches.

This pattern is a little different than any of the others in this series because their is a different pattern for the left and right mitts so that they are a mirror image of each other.

Left Mitt

Begin by casting on with the Bubble Gum yarn following the directions included with the loom. The basic idea is that you loosely wrap the yarn counter clockwise around each peg moving clockwise around the loom. After all the pegs have been wrapped once, repeat the process once more.

Row 1: Knit the first row by using the hook to lift the bottom wrap up and over the top wrap, then over the peg so only one wrap remains on each peg.

Row 2- 9: Knit on all of the pegs using Bubble Gum yarn.

Row 10: With the White yarn, skip the first peg, knit on the next three pegs, skip 1 peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs. Repeat this pattern around the rest of the loom - skip one peg, knit on 3 pegs.

Row 11: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Repeat Row 10 and 11 twelve more times.

Now it's time to make the thumbholes. For this section you still work your stitches around all of the pegs, but some of the rows are worked clockwise (CW) from peg 1-24 and some are worked counter clockwise (CCW) from peg 24-1 around the loom so there is a gap in your work between peg 24 and peg 1.

Row 12 (CW): With White, [skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.

Row 13 (CCW): With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Row 14 (CCW): With White, [knit on the next 3 pegs, skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.

Row 15 (CW): With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Repeat Row 12-14 one more time.

Now that the thumbhole is complete, the rest of the pattern is worked around all the pegs, clockwise, just like in the beginning.

Row 16: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Row 17: With White, [skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.

Repeat Row 16 - 17 seven more times.

Row 18: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Trim the White yarn to about 12 inches an the Bubble Gum to about 60 inches. Follow the loom instructions for a "Sewn Bind Off" using the Bubble Gum yarn. Follow the loom instructions for "Tightening and Finishing Edges" for both the cast on and bound off edges.

Finally, use the darning needle to weave in and conceal the yarn end on the inside of the mitt.

How to knit fingerless gloves with a Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom

Right Mitt

Begin by casting on with the Bubble Gum yarn.

Row 1: Knit the first row by using the hook to lift the bottom wrap up and over the top wrap, then over the peg so only one wrap remains on each peg.

Row 2- 9: Knit on all of the pegs using Bubble Gum yarn.

Row 10: With White, [knit on the next 3 pegs, skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.

Row 11: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Repeat Row 10-11 twelve more times.

Now the thumbholes again, where some of the rows are worked clockwise and some counter clockwise, making a gap between peg 24 and peg 1.

Row 12 (CW): With White, [knit on the next 3 pegs, skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.

Row 13 (CCW): With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Row 14 (CCW): With White, starting on peg 23, knit on the next 3 pegs, [skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.

Row 15 (CW): With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.
Repeat Row 12-14 one more time.

Now that the thumbhole is complete, the rest of the pattern is worked around all the pegs, clockwise, just like in the beginning.

Row 16: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Row 17: With White, [knit on the next 3 pegs, skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.

Repeat Row 16 - 17 seven more times.

Row 18: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Trim the White yarn to about 12 inches an the Bubble Gum to about 60 inches. Follow the loom instructions for a "Sewn Bind Off" using the Bubble Gum yarn. Follow the loom instructions for "Tightening and Finishing Edges" for both the cast on and bound off edges. Finally, use the darning needle to weave in and conceal the yarn end on the inside of the mitt.

You have a headband to keep your ears warm, a cowl for your neck and fingerless gloves to keep your hands toasty. Next up, loom knit socks.

Loom Knit Fingerless Gloves Pattern: The third of four Clover Oval Standing Knitting Loom projects that will keep you cozy from head to toe.




Clover Oval Loom Cowl Pattern

How to knit a cowl with a Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom

You don't have to have two pointy sticks to knit some really neat projects that will keep you cozy from head to toe. I set my knitting needles aside for a few days so I could work with the Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom.

Earlier this week I showed you how to make a striped earwarmer and I have three more coordinating patterns to share - a cowl, fingerless mitts and socks. Although none of the projects are difficult, I recommend working them from head to toe, because each pattern introduces skills you will use in the following projects.

Many thanks to Clover for providing me with a Standing Oval Knitting Loom. Also, if you would like an opportunity to win all the materials needed to complete all four patterns, don't miss this month's giveaway, going on through January 23, 2017, sponsored by Clover.

Materials


These materials are enough to complete all four patterns.

Directions


If you liked the earwarmer pattern you are going to love the matching cowl because it is worked almost identically except instead of using single strands of Bubble Gum and White Yarn, you will use double strands.

Split each skein of yarn into two balls that are approximately the same size. The loom comes with a straw that you can cut in half and use to hold the two strands of pink and two strands of white yarn together as you work.

Begin by casting on with the Bubble Gum yarn following the directions included with the loom. The basic idea is that you loosely wrap the yarn counter clockwise around each peg moving clockwise around the loom. After all the pegs have been wrapped once, repeat the process once more.

Row 1: Knit the first row by using the hook to lift the bottom wrap up and over the top wrap, then over the peg so only one wrap remains on each peg.
Row 2: With the White yarn, skip the first peg, knit on the next three pegs.

Skip 1 peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs. Repeat this pattern around the rest of the loom - skip one peg, knit on 3 pegs.
After the first two rows, I found it easier to remove the legs of the loom by gently squeezing them together near the loom and work with the loom on my lap.
Row 3: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Row 4: With White, [skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.

Repeat Row 3 and 4. As you continue repeating Row 3 and 4 the work kind of looks like a spider web.
Now, you need to figure out how many rows long your cowl should be. The quick and easy method for calculating this is to make the cowl the exact same number of rows that you made your earwarmer. My earwarmer was 126 rows long so I made my cowl 126 rows long. Since you are using double strands of yarn, the cowl will be a little bit bigger than your earwarmer.

If you prefer to do the math, there are three easy math equations to make sure your cowl fits perfectly. Continue working Row 3 and 4 until the piece is about 12 inches long.

First, measure your head circumference with a tape measure. My head circumference was 21 1/2 inches.

Next you need to figure out your stitch gauge. You can do this one of two ways.

Either count how many "V" shaped stitches are in one inch (for my example it looked like there were about are 5 3/4 stitches in an inch) or count how many "V" shaped stitches there are in four inches, for my example it was 23.

It's good to do both row counts so you can double check yourself.

Then, you need to calculate the Gauge, or how many rows are in 1 inch. When I counted, I estimated 5 3/4 rows in one inch and counted 23 rows in 4 inches. Let's make sure my estimate is right.

     Gauge = Number of rows ÷ length

     Example: Gauge = 23 rows ÷ 4 inches = 5 3/4 rows (Whew, I got it right!)

Next you need to decide how long your cowl needs to be. The finished cowl should be about an inch larger than your head circumference.

     Cowl Length = Head Circumference + 1

     Example: Cowl Length = 21 1/2 + 1 = 22 1/2 inches

Finally, you need to figure out how many rows long to make your cowl.

     Number of Rows = Cowl Length x Gauge

     Example: Number of Rows = 22 1/2 inches x 5 3/4 rows/inch = 129 3/8

Of course you can't really knit 3/8 of a row, so round to the nearest even number, in this case 130 rows.

As I said before, I cheated on the math and just made my cowl 126 rows long like my ear warmer.

Continue working Row 3 and 4 until your cowl is the correct number of rows long. Make sure you end after a White row.

Cut the White yarn 6-8 inches long. Cut the Bubble Gum yarn so it is about 120 inches or 10 feet long. You will use this yarn both to bind off your work and to graft the two ends together.

Follow the directions provided with the loom for a “Sewn Bind Off”.

To make sure that your cowl is not overly bulky where it is grafted together, I highly recommend following the loom instructions for “Tightening and Finishing Edges”.

After both the cast on and bound off edges are tightened, knot the white yarn around the Bubble Gum on each end of the cowl.
To finish things up, you need to graft the ends of the cowl together. When grafting, you're going to focus on the stitches that make a "V" that points towards the seam. You will be working mainly in the rows of White stitches closest to the cast on and bound off edges.

Place your darning needle on the same strands of yarn that were used to bind off. All the other loose yarn strands can be trimmed to 6-8 inches and tucked inside the ends of the cowl.

Fold the cowl in half so the cast on and bound off edges are close to each other.

Place the needle under both strands of the first raised Bubble Gum stitch on the cast on edge and gently pull the yarn through. Notice this stitch makes a "V" that points toward the seam.
Next, place the needle under the first "V" on the bound off edge. The "V" has one Bubble Gum strand and one White strand. Gently pull the yarn through.
Place the needle under both strands of the next White stitch on the cast on edge and pull the yarn through.
Place the needle under both strands of the next White stitch on the bound off edge and pull the yarn through.
Continue grafting around the edges of the cowl working one stitch on the bound off edge followed by one on the cast on edge.

On the cast on edge, you will always be sliding the needle under stitches where both strands are the same color (White except for the raised Bubble Gum stitches).

On the bound off edge, most of the grafted stitches will have two white strands. However, on either side of the ridges, you will work under one Bubble Gum and one White strand.
The Bubble Gum strands used for grafting creates what looks like a row of stitches, making the join almost invisible. Once you reach the beginning of the grafting, continue working over 2-3 more stitches to make sure the join is secure.
Trim the grafting yarn to 6-8 inches and with the darning needle pull it into the center of the cowl to conceal the yarn.

Now you have warm ears, a warm neck and we are halfway through our cozy loom knitting patterns. Next up, fingerless gloves.

 Loom Knit Cowl Pattern: The second of four Clover Oval Standing Knitting Loom projects that will keep you cozy from head to toe.




Clover Oval Loom Earwarmer Pattern

How to knit an earwarmer headband with a Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom

I love trying different crafty tools and last month I had the opportunity to experiment with the Clover Standing Oval Knitting Loom. I have been knitting with pointy sticks for many, many years, so I admit, I was a little skeptical about the potential of this tool. Turns out, it's a lot of fun to use and you don't need any pointy stick knitting experience to quickly create a variety of projects.

Over the next two weeks, I'll be sharing a set of four loom patterns that will keep you cozy from head to toe for the rest of the winter - an earwarmer headband, a cowl, fingerless gloves and slipper socks. If you are new to loom knitting, I recommend working the patterns in head to toe order because each project introduces stitches and skills that you will need in the later projects.

Many thanks to Clover for providing me with a Standing Oval Knitting Loom. Also, if you would like an opportunity to win all the materials needed to complete all four patterns, don't miss this month's giveaway, going on through January 23, 2017, sponsored by Clover.

Materials


These materials are enough to complete all four patterns.

Directions


The loom includes detailed instructions for how to cast on and make knit and purl stitches. Before you begin, take a moment to familiarize yourself with casting on and making knit stitches.

Begin by casting on with the Bubble Gum yarn following the directions included with the loom. The basic idea is that you loosely wrap the yarn counter clockwise around each peg moving clockwise around the loom. After all the pegs have been wrapped once, repeat the process once more.

Row 1: Knit the first row by using the hook to lift the bottom wrap up and over the top wrap, then over the peg so only one wrap remains on each peg.
Row 2: With the White yarn, skip the first peg, knit on the next three pegs.
Skip 1 peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs. Repeat this pattern around the rest of the loom - skip one peg, knit on 3 pegs.
After the first two rows, I found it easier to remove the legs of the loom by gently squeezing them together near the loom and work with the loom on my lap.
Row 3: With Bubble Gum, knit around all of the pegs.

Row 4: With White, [skip one peg by bringing the working yarn behind the peg, knit on the next 3 pegs], repeated the bracketed section around the loom.
Repeat Row 3 and 4. As you continue repeating Row 3 and 4 the work kind of looks like a spider web.
Continue working Row 3 and 4 until the piece is about 12 inches long.

Now it's time for three easy math equations to make sure your earwarmer fits perfectly.

First, measure your head circumference with a tape measure. My head circumference was 21 1/2 inches.

Next you need to figure out your stitch gauge. You can do this one of two ways.

Either count how many "V" shaped stitches are in one inch (for my example it looks like there are about are 6 1/2 stitches in an inch) or count how many "V" shaped stitches there are in four inches, for my example it was 26.

It's good to do both row counts so you can double check yourself.

Then, you need to calculate the Gauge, or how many rows are in 1 inch. When I counted, I estimated 6 1/2 rows in one inch and counted 26 rows in 4 inches. Let's make sure my estimate is right.

     Gauge = Number of rows ÷ length

     Example: Gauge = 26 rows ÷ 4 inches = 6 1/2 rows (Whew, I got it right!)

Next you need to decide how long your earwarmer needs to be. The finished earwarmer should be 2 inches smaller than your head circumference.

     Earwarmer Length = Head Circumference - 2

     Example: Earwarmer Length = 21 1/2  - 2 = 19 1/2 inches

Finally, you need to figure out how many rows long to make your earwarmer.  

     Number of Rows = Earwarmer Length x Gauge

     Example: Number of Rows = 19 1/2 inches x 6 1/2 rows/inch = 126 3/4
   
Of course you can't really knit 3/4 of a row, so round to the nearest even number, in this case 126 rows.

Continue working Row 3 and 4 until your earwarmer is the correct number of rows long. Make sure you end after a White row.

Cut the White yarn 6-8 inches long. Cut the Bubble Gum yarn so it is about 120 inches or 10 feet long. You will use this yarn both to bind off your work and to graft the two ends together.

Follow the directions provided with the loom for a “Sewn Bind Off”.

To make sure that your earwarmer is not overly bulky where it is grafted together, I highly recommend following the loom instructions for “Tightening and Finishing Edges”.

After both the cast on and bound off edges are tightened, knot the white yarn around the Bubble Gum on each end of the earwarmer.

To finish things up, you need to graft the ends of the earwarmer together. When grafting, you're going to focus on the stitches that make a "V" that points towards the seam. You will be working mainly in the rows of White stitches closest to the cast on and bound off edges.

Place your darning needle on the same strand of yarn that was used to bind off. All the other loose yarn strands can be trimmed to 6-8 inches and tucked inside the ends of the headband.

Fold the headband in half so the cast on and bound off edges are close to each other.

Place the needle under both strands of the first raised Bubble Gum stitch on the cast on edge and gently pull the yarn through. Notice this stitch makes a "V" that points toward the seam.
Next, place the needle under the first "V" on the bound off edge. The "V" has one Bubble Gum strand and one White strand. Gently pull the yarn through.
Place the needle under both strands of the next White stitch on the cast on edge and pull the yarn through.
Place the needle under both strands of the next White stitch on the bound off edge and pull the yarn through.

Continue grafting around the edges of the earwarmer working one stitch on the bound off edge followed by one on the cast on edge.
On the cast on edge, you will always be sliding the needle under stitches where both strands are the same color (White except for the raised Bubble Gum stitches).
On the bound off edge, most of the grafted stitches will have two white strands. However, on either side of the ridges, you will work under one Bubble Gum and one White strand.
The Bubble Gum strand used for grafting creates what looks like a row of stitches, making the join almost invisible. Once you reach the beginning of the grafting, continue working over 2-3 more stitches to make sure the join is secure.

Trim the grafting yarn to 6-8 inches and with the darning needle pull it into the center of the earwarmer to conceal the yarn.
Now that your ears are warm with a loom knit headband, stay tuned for my next pattern, a cozy cowl for your neck.

Loom Knit Earwarmer Headband Pattern: The first of four Clover Oval Standing Knitting Loom projects that will keep you cozy from head to toe.