Whale Done Socks KAL: Reading a Stitch Chart

This lesson is the third in the Whale Done Socks skill building KAL and we are going to be using a basic stitch chart.

If you need to review any lessons, links are available in the KAL Introduction. If you would like a printable copy of the entire pattern, the Whale Done Socks Pattern is available in my shop.

Lesson 3: Reading a Stitch Chart

For visual learners like me, stitch charts make knitting much more understandable. They are just a graphical representation of the stitches. Each stitch is shown with a specific symbol.

The numbers on the side of the chart correspond to your row or round number. If the number is on the right side of the chart, it means you work that row or round with the right side of your knitting facing you. If the number is on the left side of the chart, it means you work that row with the wrong side of your knitting facing you.

For our sock, the 32 instep stitches (the top of the foot) are going to be worked in two repeats of the Whale Tails pattern and we're working in rounds with the right side of our work facing.

One repeat of the The Whale Tails pattern is written out:

Rnd 1: p1, k3, k2tog, k1, yo, p2, yo, k1, skpo, k3, p1
Rnd 2: p1, k6, p2, k6, p1
Rnd 3: p1, k2, k2tog, k1, yo, k1, p2, k1, yo, k1, skpo, k2, p1
Rnd 4: p1, k6, p2, k6, p1
Rnd 5: p1, k1, k2tog, k1, yo, k2, p2, k2, yo, k1, skpo, k1, p1
Rnd 6: p1, k6, p2, k6, p1
Rnd 7: p1, k2tog, k1, yo, k3, p2, k3, yo, k1, skpo, p1
Rnd 8: p1, k6, p2, k6, p1

In chart form, one repeat of the pattern looks like this. Do you see the whale tails?
If you need a quick refresher on abbreviations:
  • k - knit
  • p - purl
  • k2tog - knit two stitches together
  • skpo - slip one stitch knitwise, knit one, pass the slipped stitch over
  • yo - bring the yarn forward between your needles then over the right needle

Foot Pattern

As you begin the foot, it may be helpful to either divide your stitches evenly around four dpns or use a stitch marker to mark the beginning of your rounds.

Rounds begin and end at the side of the sock.

The first 32 stitches for each foot round are the sole of the sock and worked in stockinette (all knit), the second 32 stitches are the instep and worked in two repeats of the Whale Tail pattern.

Rnd 1: K32, [p1, k3, k2tog, k1, yo, p2, yo, k1, skpo, k3, p1] twice.
Rnd 2, 4, 6, and 8: K32, [p1, k6, p2, k6, p1] twice.
Rnd 3: K32, [p1, k2, k2tog, k1, yo, k1, p2, k1, yo, k1, skpo, k2, p1] twice.
Rnd 5: K32, [p1, k1, k2tog, k1, yo, k2, p2, k2, yo, k1, skpo, k1, p1] twice.
Rnd 7: K32, [p1, k2tog, k1, yo, k3, p2, k3, yo, k1, skpo, p1] twice.

Repeat Rnds 1-8 five more times.

Share Your Progress

Here are my socks so far. Post a picture of your sock on Facebook and/or Instagram with #thechillydog and tag me @thechillydog. Then share a link to your post on the KAL Giveaway page to earn entries for a chance to win a knitty treat.

In the next lesson we'll learn How to Knit the First Half of a Shadow Wrapped Short Row Heel.
Whale Done Socks KAL Tutorial: How to read a knitting stitch chart

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The Chilly Dog: Whale Done Socks KAL: Reading a Stitch Chart
Whale Done Socks KAL: Reading a Stitch Chart
For visual learners, stitch charts make knitting patterns much more understandable.
The Chilly Dog
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